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ISA 13-23

Proclamation against Babylon

13The oracle concerning Babylon that Isaiah son of Amoz saw.


2 On a bare hill raise a signal,
   cry aloud to them;
wave the hand for them to enter
   the gates of the nobles.
3 I myself have commanded my consecrated ones,
   have summoned my warriors, my proudly exulting ones,
   to execute my anger.


4 Listen, a tumult on the mountains
   as of a great multitude!
Listen, an uproar of kingdoms,
   of nations gathering together!
The Lord of hosts is mustering
   an army for battle.
5 They come from a distant land,
   from the end of the heavens,
the Lord and the weapons of his indignation,
   to destroy the whole earth.


6 Wail, for the day of the Lord is near;
   it will come like destruction from the Almighty!*
7 Therefore all hands will be feeble,
   and every human heart will fail,
8   and they will be dismayed.
Pangs and agony will seize them;
   they will be in anguish like a woman in labour.
They will look aghast at one another;
   their faces will be aflame.
9 See, the day of the Lord comes,
   cruel, with wrath and fierce anger,
to make the earth a desolation,
   and to destroy its sinners from it.
10 For the stars of the heavens and their constellations
   will not give their light;
the sun will be dark at its rising,
   and the moon will not shed its light.
11 I will punish the world for its evil,
   and the wicked for their iniquity;
I will put an end to the pride of the arrogant,
   and lay low the insolence of tyrants.
12 I will make mortals more rare than fine gold,
   and humans than the gold of Ophir.
13 Therefore I will make the heavens tremble,
   and the earth will be shaken out of its place,
at the wrath of the Lord of hosts
   on the day of his fierce anger.
14 Like a hunted gazelle,
   or like sheep with no one to gather them,
all will turn to their own people,
   and all will flee to their own lands.
15 Whoever is found will be thrust through,
   and whoever is caught will fall by the sword.
16 Their infants will be dashed to pieces
   before their eyes;
their houses will be plundered,
   and their wives ravished.
17 See, I am stirring up the Medes against them,
   who have no regard for silver
   and do not delight in gold.
18 Their bows will slaughter the young men;
   they will have no mercy on the fruit of the womb;
   their eyes will not pity children.
19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms,
   the splendour and pride of the Chaldeans,
will be like Sodom and Gomorrah
   when God overthrew them.
20 It will never be inhabited
   or lived in for all generations;
Arabs will not pitch their tents there,
   shepherds will not make their flocks lie down there.
21 But wild animals will lie down there,
   and its houses will be full of howling creatures;
there ostriches will live,
   and there goat-demons will dance.
22 Hyenas will cry in its towers,
   and jackals in the pleasant palaces;
its time is close at hand,
   and its days will not be prolonged.

Restoration of Judah

14But the Lord will have compassion on Jacob and will again choose Israel, and will set them in their own land; and aliens will join them and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. 2And the nations will take them and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess the nations* as male and female slaves in the Lord’s land; they will take captive those who were their captors, and rule over those who oppressed them.

Downfall of the King of Babylon

When the Lord has given you rest from your pain and turmoil and the hard service with which you were made to serve, 4you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon:
How the oppressor has ceased!
   How his insolence* has ceased!
5 The Lord has broken the staff of the wicked,
   the sceptre of rulers,
6 that struck down the peoples in wrath
   with unceasing blows,
that ruled the nations in anger
   with unrelenting persecution.
7 The whole earth is at rest and quiet;
   they break forth into singing.
8 The cypresses exult over you,
   the cedars of Lebanon, saying,
‘Since you were laid low,
   no one comes to cut us down.’
9 Sheol beneath is stirred up
   to meet you when you come;
it rouses the shades to greet you,
   all who were leaders of the earth;
it raises from their thrones
   all who were kings of the nations.
10 All of them will speak
   and say to you:
‘You too have become as weak as we are!
   You have become like us!’
11 Your pomp is brought down to Sheol,
   and the sound of your harps;
maggots are the bed beneath you,
   and worms are your covering.


12 How you are fallen from heaven,
   O Day Star, son of Dawn!
How you are cut down to the ground,
   you who laid the nations low!
13 You said in your heart,
   ‘I will ascend to heaven;
I will raise my throne
   above the stars of God;
I will sit on the mount of assembly
   on the heights of Zaphon;*
14 I will ascend to the tops of the clouds,
   I will make myself like the Most High.’
15 But you are brought down to Sheol,
   to the depths of the Pit.
16 Those who see you will stare at you,
   and ponder over you:
‘Is this the man who made the earth tremble,
   who shook kingdoms,
17 who made the world like a desert
   and overthrew its cities,
   who would not let his prisoners go home?’
18 All the kings of the nations lie in glory,
   each in his own tomb;
19 but you are cast out, away from your grave,
   like loathsome carrion,*
clothed with the dead, those pierced by the sword,
   who go down to the stones of the Pit,
   like a corpse trampled underfoot.
20 You will not be joined with them in burial,
   because you have destroyed your land,
   you have killed your people.


May the descendants of evildoers
   nevermore be named!
21 Prepare slaughter for his sons
   because of the guilt of their father.*
Let them never rise to possess the earth
   or cover the face of the world with cities.

22 I will rise up against them, says the Lord of hosts, and will cut off from Babylon name and remnant, offspring and posterity, says the Lord. 23And I will make it a possession of the hedgehog, and pools of water, and I will sweep it with the broom of destruction, says the Lord of hosts.

An Oracle concerning Assyria


24 The Lord of hosts has sworn:
As I have designed,
   so shall it be;
and as I have planned,
   so shall it come to pass:
25 I will break the Assyrian in my land,
   and on my mountains trample him under foot;
his yoke shall be removed from them,
   and his burden from their shoulders.
26 This is the plan that is planned
   concerning the whole earth;
and this is the hand that is stretched out
   over all the nations.
27 For the Lord of hosts has planned,
   and who will annul it?
His hand is stretched out,
   and who will turn it back?

An Oracle concerning Philistia


28In the year that King Ahaz died this oracle came:


29 Do not rejoice, all you Philistines,
   that the rod that struck you is broken,
for from the root of the snake will come forth an adder,
   and its fruit will be a flying fiery serpent.
30 The firstborn of the poor will graze,
   and the needy lie down in safety;
but I will make your root die of famine,
   and your remnant I* will kill.
31 Wail, O gate; cry, O city;
   melt in fear, O Philistia, all of you!
For smoke comes out of the north,
   and there is no straggler in its ranks.


32 What will one answer the messengers of the nation?
‘The Lord has founded Zion,
   and the needy among his people
   will find refuge in her.’

An Oracle concerning Moab

15An oracle concerning Moab.


Because Ar is laid waste in a night,
   Moab is undone;
because Kir is laid waste in a night,
   Moab is undone.
2 Dibon* has gone up to the temple,
   to the high places to weep;
over Nebo and over Medeba
   Moab wails.
On every head is baldness,
   every beard is shorn;
3 in the streets they bind on sackcloth;
   on the housetops and in the squares
   everyone wails and melts in tears.
4 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out,
   their voices are heard as far as Jahaz;
therefore the loins of Moab quiver;*
   his soul trembles.
5 My heart cries out for Moab;
   his fugitives flee to Zoar,
   to Eglath-shelishiyah.
For at the ascent of Luhith
   they go up weeping;
on the road to Horonaim
   they raise a cry of destruction;
6 the waters of Nimrim
   are a desolation;
the grass is withered, the new growth fails,
   the verdure is no more.
7 Therefore the abundance they have gained
   and what they have laid up
they carry away
   over the Wadi of the Willows.
8 For a cry has gone
   around the land of Moab;
the wailing reaches to Eglaim,
   the wailing reaches to Beer-elim.
9 For the waters of Dibon* are full of blood;
   yet I will bring upon Dibon* even more—
a lion for those of Moab who escape,
   for the remnant of the land.

16Send lambs
   to the ruler of the land,
from Sela, by way of the desert,
   to the mount of daughter Zion.
2 Like fluttering birds,
   like scattered nestlings,
so are the daughters of Moab
   at the fords of the Arnon.
3 ‘Give counsel,
   grant justice;
make your shade like night
   at the height of noon;
hide the outcasts,
   do not betray the fugitive;
4 let the outcasts of Moab
   settle among you;
be a refuge to them
   from the destroyer.’


When the oppressor is no more,
   and destruction has ceased,
and marauders have vanished from the land,
5 then a throne shall be established in steadfast love
   in the tent of David,
   and on it shall sit in faithfulness
a ruler who seeks justice
   and is swift to do what is right.


6 We have heard of the pride of Moab
   —how proud he is!—
of his arrogance, his pride, and his insolence;
   his boasts are false.
7 Therefore let Moab wail,
   let everyone wail for Moab.
Mourn, utterly stricken,
   for the raisin cakes of Kir-hareseth.


8 For the fields of Heshbon languish,
   and the vines of Sibmah,
whose clusters once made drunk
   the lords of the nations,
reached to Jazer
   and strayed to the desert;
their shoots once spread abroad
   and crossed over the sea.
9 Therefore I weep with the weeping of Jazer
   for the vines of Sibmah;
I drench you with my tears,
   O Heshbon and Elealeh;
for the shout over your fruit harvest
   and your grain harvest has ceased.
10 Joy and gladness are taken away
   from the fruitful field;
and in the vineyards no songs are sung,
   no shouts are raised;
no treader treads out wine in the presses;
   the vintage-shout is hushed.*
11 Therefore my heart throbs like a harp for Moab,
   and my very soul for Kir-heres.

12 When Moab presents himself, when he wearies himself upon the high place, when he comes to his sanctuary to pray, he will not prevail.

13 This was the word that the Lord spoke concerning Moab in the past. 14But now the Lord says, In three years, like the years of a hired worker, the glory of Moab will be brought into contempt, in spite of all its great multitude; and those who survive will be very few and feeble.

An Oracle concerning Damascus

17An oracle concerning Damascus.


See, Damascus will cease to be a city,
   and will become a heap of ruins.
2 Her towns will be deserted for ever;*
   they will be places for flocks,
   which will lie down, and no one will make them afraid.
3 The fortress will disappear from Ephraim,
   and the kingdom from Damascus;
and the remnant of Aram will be
   like the glory of the children of Israel,

says the Lord of hosts.


4 On that day
   the glory of Jacob will be brought low,
   and the fat of his flesh will grow lean.
5 And it shall be as when reapers gather standing grain
   and their arms harvest the ears,
and as when one gleans the ears of grain
   in the Valley of Rephaim.
6 Gleanings will be left in it,
   as when an olive tree is beaten—
two or three berries
   in the top of the highest bough,
four or five
   on the branches of a fruit tree,

says the Lord God of Israel.

On that day people will regard their Maker, and their eyes will look to the Holy One of Israel; 8they will not have regard for the altars, the work of their hands, and they will not look to what their own fingers have made, either the sacred poles* or the altars of incense.

On that day their strong cities will be like the deserted places of the Hivites and the Amorites,* which they deserted because of the children of Israel, and there will be desolation.


10 For you have forgotten the God of your salvation,
   and have not remembered the Rock of your refuge;
therefore, though you plant pleasant plants
   and set out slips of an alien god,
11 though you make them grow on the day that you plant them,
   and make them blossom in the morning that you sow;
yet the harvest will flee away
   on a day of grief and incurable pain.


12 Ah, the thunder of many peoples,
   they thunder like the thundering of the sea!
Ah, the roar of nations,
   they roar like the roaring of mighty waters!
13 The nations roar like the roaring of many waters,
   but he will rebuke them, and they will flee far away,
chased like chaff on the mountains before the wind
   and whirling dust before the storm.
14 At evening time, lo, terror!
   Before morning, they are no more.
This is the fate of those who despoil us,
   and the lot of those who plunder us.

An Oracle concerning Ethiopia

18Ah, land of whirring wings
   beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,*
2 sending ambassadors by the Nile
   in vessels of papyrus on the waters!
Go, you swift messengers,
   to a nation tall and smooth,
to a people feared near and far,
   a nation mighty and conquering,
   whose land the rivers divide.


3 All you inhabitants of the world,
   you who live on the earth,
when a signal is raised on the mountains, look!
   When a trumpet is blown, listen!
4 For thus the Lord said to me:
I will quietly look from my dwelling
   like clear heat in sunshine,
   like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.
5 For before the harvest, when the blossom is over
   and the flower becomes a ripening grape,
he will cut off the shoots with pruning-hooks,
   and the spreading branches he will hew away.
6 They shall all be left
   to the birds of prey of the mountains
   and to the animals of the earth.
And the birds of prey will summer on them,
   and all the animals of the earth will winter on them.

At that time gifts will be brought to the Lord of hosts from* a people tall and smooth, from a people feared near and far, a nation mighty and conquering, whose land the rivers divide, to Mount Zion, the place of the name of the Lord of hosts.

An Oracle concerning Egypt

19An oracle concerning Egypt.


See, the Lord is riding on a swift cloud
   and comes to Egypt;
the idols of Egypt will tremble at his presence,
   and the heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.
2 I will stir up Egyptians against Egyptians,
   and they will fight, one against the other,
   neighbour against neighbour,
   city against city, kingdom against kingdom;
3 the spirit of the Egyptians within them will be emptied out,
   and I will confound their plans;
they will consult the idols and the spirits of the dead
   and the ghosts and the familiar spirits;
4 I will deliver the Egyptians
   into the hand of a hard master;
a fierce king will rule over them,
   says the Sovereign, the Lord of hosts.


5 The waters of the Nile will be dried up,
   and the river will be parched and dry;
6 its canals will become foul,
   and the branches of Egypt’s Nile will diminish and dry up;
   reeds and rushes will rot away.
7 There will be bare places by the Nile,
   on the brink of the Nile;
and all that is sown by the Nile will dry up,
   be driven away, and be no more.
8 Those who fish will mourn;
   all who cast hooks in the Nile will lament,
   and those who spread nets on the water will languish.
9 The workers in flax will be in despair,
   and the carders and those at the loom will grow pale.
10 Its weavers will be dismayed,
   and all who work for wages will be grieved.


11 The princes of Zoan are utterly foolish;
   the wise counsellors of Pharaoh give stupid counsel.
How can you say to Pharaoh,
   ‘I am one of the sages,
   a descendant of ancient kings’?
12 Where now are your sages?
   Let them tell you and make known
   what the Lord of hosts has planned against Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan have become fools,
   and the princes of Memphis are deluded;
those who are the cornerstones of its tribes
   have led Egypt astray.
14 The Lord has poured into them*
   a spirit of confusion;
and they have made Egypt stagger in all its doings
   as a drunkard staggers around in vomit.
15 Neither head nor tail, palm branch nor reed,
   will be able to do anything for Egypt.

16 On that day the Egyptians will be like women, and tremble with fear before the hand that the Lord of hosts raises against them. 17And the land of Judah will become a terror to the Egyptians; everyone to whom it is mentioned will fear because of the plan that the Lord of hosts is planning against them.

Egypt, Assyria, and Israel Blessed

18 On that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the Lord of hosts. One of these will be called the City of the Sun.

19 On that day there will be an altar to the Lord in the centre of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to the Lord at its border. 20It will be a sign and a witness to the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt; when they cry to the Lord because of oppressors, he will send them a saviour, and will defend and deliver them. 21The Lord will make himself known to the Egyptians; and the Egyptians will know the Lord on that day, and will worship with sacrifice and burnt-offering, and they will make vows to the Lord and perform them. 22The Lord will strike Egypt, striking and healing; they will return to the Lord, and he will listen to their supplications and heal them.

23 On that day there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian will come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians will worship with the Assyrians.

24 On that day Israel will be the third with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25whom the Lord of hosts has blessed, saying, ‘Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel my heritage.’

Isaiah Dramatizes the Conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia

20In the year that the commander-in-chief, who was sent by King Sargon of Assyria, came to Ashdod and fought against it and took it— 2at that time the Lord had spoken to Isaiah son of Amoz, saying, ‘Go, and loose the sackcloth from your loins and take your sandals off your feet’, and he had done so, walking naked and barefoot. 3Then the Lord said, ‘Just as my servant Isaiah has walked naked and barefoot for three years as a sign and a portent against Egypt and Ethiopia,* 4so shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians as captives and the Ethiopians* as exiles, both the young and the old, naked and barefoot, with buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt. 5And they shall be dismayed and confounded because of Ethiopia* their hope and of Egypt their boast. 6On that day the inhabitants of this coastland will say, “See, this is what has happened to those in whom we hoped and to whom we fled for help and deliverance from the king of Assyria! And we, how shall we escape?”

Oracles concerning Babylon, Edom, and Arabia

21The oracle concerning the wilderness of the sea.


As whirlwinds in the Negeb sweep on,
   it comes from the desert,
   from a terrible land.
2 A stern vision is told to me;
   the betrayer betrays,
   and the destroyer destroys.
Go up, O Elam,
   lay siege, O Media;
all the sighing she has caused
   I bring to an end.
3 Therefore my loins are filled with anguish;
   pangs have seized me,
   like the pangs of a woman in labour;
I am bowed down so that I cannot hear,
   I am dismayed so that I cannot see.
4 My mind reels, horror has appalled me;
   the twilight I longed for
   has been turned for me into trembling.
5 They prepare the table,
   they spread the rugs,
   they eat, they drink.
Rise up, commanders,
   oil the shield!
6 For thus the Lord said to me:
‘Go, post a lookout,
   let him announce what he sees.
7 When he sees riders, horsemen in pairs,
   riders on donkeys, riders on camels,
let him listen diligently,
   very diligently.’
8 Then the watcher* called out:
‘Upon a watch-tower I stand, O Lord,
   continually by day,
and at my post I am stationed
   throughout the night.
9 Look, there they come, riders,
   horsemen in pairs!’
Then he responded,
   ‘Fallen, fallen is Babylon;
and all the images of her gods
   lie shattered on the ground.’
10 O my threshed and winnowed one,
   what I have heard from the Lord of hosts,
   the God of Israel, I announce to you.


11 The oracle concerning Dumah.


One is calling to me from Seir,
   ‘Sentinel, what of the night?
   Sentinel, what of the night?’
12 The sentinel says:
‘Morning comes, and also the night.
   If you will inquire, inquire;
   come back again.’


13 The oracle concerning the desert plain.


In the scrub of the desert plain you will lodge,
   O caravans of Dedanites.
14 Bring water to the thirsty,
   meet the fugitive with bread,
   O inhabitants of the land of Tema.
15 For they have fled from the swords,
   from the drawn sword,
from the bent bow,
   and from the stress of battle.

16 For thus the Lord said to me: Within a year, according to the years of a hired worker, all the glory of Kedar will come to an end; 17and the remaining bows of Kedar’s warriors will be few; for the Lord, the God of Israel, has spoken.

A Warning of the Destruction of Jerusalem

22The oracle concerning the valley of vision.


What do you mean that you have gone up,
   all of you, to the housetops,
2 you that are full of shoutings,
   tumultuous city, exultant town?
Your slain are not slain by the sword,
   nor are they dead in battle.
3 Your rulers have all fled together;
   they were captured without the use of a bow.*
All of you who were found were captured,
   though they had fled far away.*
4 Therefore I said:
Look away from me,
   let me weep bitter tears;
do not try to comfort me
   for the destruction of my beloved people.


5 For the Lord God of hosts has a day
   of tumult and trampling and confusion
   in the valley of vision,
a battering down of walls
   and a cry for help to the mountains.
6 Elam bore the quiver
   with chariots and cavalry,*
   and Kir uncovered the shield.
7 Your choicest valleys were full of chariots,
   and the cavalry took their stand at the gates.
8 He has taken away the covering of Judah.

On that day you looked to the weapons of the House of the Forest, 9and you saw that there were many breaches in the city of David, and you collected the waters of the lower pool. 10You counted the houses of Jerusalem, and you broke down the houses to fortify the wall. 11You made a reservoir between the two walls for the water of the old pool. But you did not look to him who did it, or have regard for him who planned it long ago.


12 On that day the Lord God of hosts
   called to weeping and mourning,
   to baldness and putting on sackcloth;
13 but instead there was joy and festivity,
   killing oxen and slaughtering sheep,
   eating meat and drinking wine.
‘Let us eat and drink,
   for tomorrow we die.’
14 The Lord of hosts has revealed himself in my ears:
Surely this iniquity will not be forgiven you until you die,
   says the Lord God of hosts.

Denunciation of Self-Seeking Officials

15 Thus says the Lord God of hosts: Come, go to this steward, to Shebna, who is master of the household, and say to him: 16What right do you have here? Who are your relatives here, that you have cut out a tomb here for yourself, cutting a tomb on the height, and carving a habitation for yourself in the rock? 17The Lord is about to hurl you away violently, my man. He will seize firm hold of you, 18whirl you round and round, and throw you like a ball into a wide land; there you shall die, and there your splendid chariots shall lie, O you disgrace to your master’s house! 19I will thrust you from your office, and you will be pulled down from your post.

20 On that day I will call my servant Eliakim son of Hilkiah, 21and will clothe him with your robe and bind your sash on him. I will commit your authority to his hand, and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. 22I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David; he shall open, and no one shall shut; he shall shut, and no one shall open. 23I will fasten him like a peg in a secure place, and he will become a throne of honour to his ancestral house. 24And they will hang on him the whole weight of his ancestral house, the offspring and issue, every small vessel, from the cups to all the flagons. 25On that day, says the Lord of hosts, the peg that was fastened in a secure place will give way; it will be cut down and fall, and the load that was on it will perish, for the Lord has spoken.

An Oracle concerning Tyre

23The oracle concerning Tyre.


Wail, O ships of Tarshish,
   for your fortress is destroyed.*
When they came in from Cyprus
   they learned of it.
2 Be still, O inhabitants of the coast,
   O merchants of Sidon;
your messengers crossed over the sea*
3   and were on the mighty waters;
your revenue was the grain of Shihor,
   the harvest of the Nile;
   you were the merchant of the nations.
4 Be ashamed, O Sidon, for the sea has spoken,
   the fortress of the sea, saying:
‘I have neither laboured nor given birth,
   I have neither reared young men
   nor brought up young women.’
5 When the report comes to Egypt,
   they will be in anguish over the report about Tyre.
6 Cross over to Tarshish—
   wail, O inhabitants of the coast!
7 Is this your exultant city
   whose origin is from days of old,
whose feet carried her
   to settle far away?
8 Who has planned this
   against Tyre, the bestower of crowns,
whose merchants were princes,
   whose traders were the honoured ones of the earth?
9 The Lord of hosts has planned it—
   to defile the pride of all glory,
   to shame all the honoured ones of the earth.
10 Cross over to your own land,
   O ships of* Tarshish;
   this is a harbour* no more.
11 He has stretched out his hand over the sea,
   he has shaken the kingdoms;
the Lord has given command concerning Canaan
   to destroy its fortresses.
12 He said:
You will exult no longer,
   O oppressed virgin daughter Sidon;
rise, cross over to Cyprus—
   even there you will have no rest.

13 Look at the land of the Chaldeans! This is the people; it was not Assyria. They destined Tyre for wild animals. They erected their siege-towers, they tore down her palaces, they made her a ruin.*
14 Wail, O ships of Tarshish,
   for your fortress is destroyed.
15From that day Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, the lifetime of one king. At the end of seventy years, it will happen to Tyre as in the song about the prostitute:
16 Take a harp,
   go about the city,
   you forgotten prostitute!
Make sweet melody,
   sing many songs,
   that you may be remembered.
17At the end of seventy years, the Lord will visit Tyre, and she will return to her trade, and will prostitute herself with all the kingdoms of the world on the face of the earth. 18Her merchandise and her wages will be dedicated to the Lord; her profits* will not be stored or hoarded, but her merchandise will supply abundant food and fine clothing for those who live in the presence of the Lord.

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Jeremiah 46-51

Judgement on Egypt

46The word of the Lord that came to the prophet Jeremiah concerning the nations.

Concerning Egypt, about the army of Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates at Carchemish and which King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of King Jehoiakim son of Josiah of Judah:
3 Prepare buckler and shield,
   and advance for battle!
4 Harness the horses;
   mount the steeds!
Take your stations with your helmets,
   whet your lances,
   put on your coats of mail!
5 Why do I see them terrified?
   They have fallen back;
their warriors are beaten down,
   and have fled in haste.
They do not look back—
   terror is all around!

says the Lord.
6 The swift cannot flee away,
   nor can the warrior escape;
in the north by the river Euphrates
   they have stumbled and fallen.


7 Who is this, rising like the Nile,
   like rivers whose waters surge?
8 Egypt rises like the Nile,
   like rivers whose waters surge.
It said, Let me rise, let me cover the earth,
   let me destroy cities and their inhabitants.
9 Advance, O horses,
   and dash madly, O chariots!
Let the warriors go forth:
   Ethiopia* and Put who carry the shield,
   the Ludim, who draw* the bow.
10 That day is the day of the Lord God of hosts,
   a day of retribution,
   to gain vindication from his foes.
The sword shall devour and be sated,
   and drink its fill of their blood.
For the Lord God of hosts holds a sacrifice
   in the land of the north by the river Euphrates.
11 Go up to Gilead, and take balm,
   O virgin daughter Egypt!
In vain you have used many medicines;
   there is no healing for you.
12 The nations have heard of your shame,
   and the earth is full of your cry;
for warrior has stumbled against warrior;
   both have fallen together.

Babylonia Will Strike Egypt

13 The word that the Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about the coming of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon to attack the land of Egypt:
14 Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol;
   proclaim in Memphis and Tahpanhes;
Say, ‘Take your stations and be ready,
   for the sword shall devour those around you.’
15 Why has Apis fled?*
   Why did your bull not stand?
   —because the Lord thrust him down.
16 Your multitude stumbled* and fell,
   and one said to another,*
‘Come, let us go back to our own people
   and to the land of our birth,
   because of the destroying sword.’
17 Give Pharaoh, king of Egypt, the name
   ‘Braggart who missed his chance.’


18 As I live, says the King,
   whose name is the Lord of hosts,
one is coming
   like Tabor among the mountains,
   and like Carmel by the sea.
19 Pack your bags for exile,
   sheltered daughter Egypt!
For Memphis shall become a waste,
   a ruin, without inhabitant.


20 A beautiful heifer is Egypt—
   a gadfly from the north lights upon her.
21 Even her mercenaries in her midst
   are like fatted calves;
they too have turned and fled together,
   they did not stand;
for the day of their calamity has come upon them,
   the time of their punishment.


22 She makes a sound like a snake gliding away;
   for her enemies march in force,
and come against her with axes,
   like those who fell trees.
23 They shall cut down her forest,

says the Lord,
   though it is impenetrable,
because they are more numerous
   than locusts;
   they are without number.
24 Daughter Egypt shall be put to shame;
   she shall be handed over to a people from the north.

25 The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, said: See, I am bringing punishment upon Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt and her gods and her kings, upon Pharaoh and those who trust in him. 26I will hand them over to those who seek their life, to King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon and his officers. Afterwards Egypt shall be inhabited as in the days of old, says the Lord.

God Will Save Israel


27 But as for you, have no fear, my servant Jacob,
   and do not be dismayed, O Israel;
for I am going to save you from far away,
   and your offspring from the land of their captivity.
Jacob shall return and have quiet and ease,
   and no one shall make him afraid.
28 As for you, have no fear, my servant Jacob,

says the Lord,
   for I am with you.
I will make an end of all the nations
   among which I have banished you,
   but I will not make an end of you!
I will chastise you in just measure,
   and I will by no means leave you unpunished.

Judgement on the Philistines

47The word of the Lord that came to the prophet Jeremiah concerning the Philistines, before Pharaoh attacked Gaza:
2 Thus says the Lord:
See, waters are rising out of the north
   and shall become an overflowing torrent;
they shall overflow the land and all that fills it,
   the city and those who live in it.
People shall cry out,
   and all the inhabitants of the land shall wail.
3 At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his stallions,
   at the clatter of his chariots, at the rumbling of their wheels,
parents do not turn back for children,
   so feeble are their hands,
4 because of the day that is coming
   to destroy all the Philistines,
to cut off from Tyre and Sidon
   every helper that remains.
For the Lord is destroying the Philistines,
   the remnant of the coastland of Caphtor.
5 Baldness has come upon Gaza,
   Ashkelon is silenced.
O remnant of their power!*
   How long will you gash yourselves?
6 Ah, sword of the Lord!
   How long until you are quiet?
Put yourself into your scabbard,
   rest and be still!
7 How can it* be quiet,
   when the Lord has given it an order?
Against Ashkelon and against the seashore—
   there he has appointed it.

Judgement on Moab

48Concerning Moab.


Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:
Alas for Nebo, it is laid waste!
   Kiriathaim is put to shame, it is taken;
the fortress is put to shame and broken down;
2   the renown of Moab is no more.
In Heshbon they planned evil against her:
   ‘Come, let us cut her off from being a nation!’
You also, O Madmen, shall be brought to silence;*
   the sword shall pursue you.


3 Hark! a cry from Horonaim,
   ‘Desolation and great destruction!’
4 ‘Moab is destroyed!’
   her little ones cry out.
5 For at the ascent of Luhith
   they go* up weeping bitterly;
for at the descent of Horonaim
   they have heard the distressing cry of anguish.
6 Flee! Save yourselves!
   Be like a wild ass* in the desert!


7 Surely, because you trusted in your strongholds* and your treasures,
   you also shall be taken;
Chemosh shall go out into exile,
   with his priests and his attendants.
8 The destroyer shall come upon every town,
   and no town shall escape;
the valley shall perish,
   and the plain shall be destroyed,
   as the Lord has spoken.


9 Set aside salt for Moab,
   for she will surely fall;
her towns shall become a desolation,
   with no inhabitant in them.

10 Accursed is the one who is slack in doing the work of the Lord; and accursed is the one who keeps back the sword from bloodshed.


11 Moab has been at ease from his youth,
   settled like wine* on its dregs;
he has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
   nor has he gone into exile;
therefore his flavour has remained
   and his aroma is unspoiled.

12 Therefore, the time is surely coming, says the Lord, when I shall send to him decanters to decant him, and empty his vessels, and break his* jars in pieces. 13Then Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.


14 How can you say, ‘We are heroes
   and mighty warriors’?
15 The destroyer of Moab and his towns has come up,
   and the choicest of his young men have gone down to slaughter,
   says the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.
16 The calamity of Moab is near at hand
   and his doom approaches swiftly.
17 Mourn over him, all you his neighbours,
   and all who know his name;
say, ‘How the mighty sceptre is broken,
   the glorious staff!’


18 Come down from glory,
   and sit on the parched ground,
   enthroned daughter Dibon!
For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you;
   he has destroyed your strongholds.
19 Stand by the road and watch,
   you inhabitant of Aroer!
Ask the man fleeing and the woman escaping;
   say, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is put to shame, for it is broken down;
   wail and cry!
Tell it by the Arnon,
   that Moab is laid waste.

21 Judgement has come upon the tableland, upon Holon, and Jahzah, and Mephaath, 22and Dibon, and Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim, 23and Kiriathaim, and Beth-gamul, and Beth-meon, 24and Kerioth, and Bozrah, and all the towns of the land of Moab, far and near. 25The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, says the Lord.

26 Make him drunk, because he magnified himself against the Lord; let Moab wallow in his vomit; he too shall become a laughing-stock. 27Israel was a laughing-stock for you, though he was not caught among thieves; but whenever you spoke of him you shook your head!


28 Leave the towns, and live on the rock,
   O inhabitants of Moab!
Be like the dove that nests
   on the sides of the mouth of a gorge.
29 We have heard of the pride of Moab—
   he is very proud—
of his loftiness, his pride, and his arrogance,
   and the haughtiness of his heart.
30 I myself know his insolence, says the Lord;
   his boasts are false,
   his deeds are false.
31 Therefore I wail for Moab;
   I cry out for all Moab;
   for the people of Kir-heres I mourn.
32 More than for Jazer I weep for you,
   O vine of Sibmah!
Your branches crossed over the sea,
   reached as far as Jazer;*
upon your summer fruits and your vintage
   the destroyer has fallen.
33 Gladness and joy have been taken away
   from the fruitful land of Moab;
I have stopped the wine from the wine presses;
   no one treads them with shouts of joy;
   the shouting is not the shout of joy.

34 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out;* as far as Jahaz they utter their voice, from Zoar to Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah. For even the waters of Nimrim have become desolate. 35And I will bring to an end in Moab, says the Lord, those who offer sacrifice at a high place and make offerings to their gods. 36Therefore my heart moans for Moab like a flute, and my heart moans like a flute for the people of Kir-heres; for the riches they gained have perished.

37 For every head is shaved and every beard cut off; on all the hands there are gashes, and on the loins sackcloth. 38On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation; for I have broken Moab like a vessel that no one wants, says the Lord. 39How it is broken! How they wail! How Moab has turned his back in shame! So Moab has become a derision and a horror to all his neighbours.
40 For thus says the Lord:
Look, he shall swoop down like an eagle,
   and spread his wings against Moab;
41 the towns* shall be taken
   and the strongholds seized.
The hearts of the warriors of Moab, on that day,
   shall be like the heart of a woman in labour.
42 Moab shall be destroyed as a people,
   because he magnified himself against the Lord.
43 Terror, pit, and trap
   are before you, O inhabitants of Moab!

says the Lord.
44 Everyone who flees from the terror
   shall fall into the pit,
and everyone who climbs out of the pit
   shall be caught in the trap.
For I will bring these things* upon Moab
   in the year of their punishment,

says the Lord.


45 In the shadow of Heshbon
   fugitives stop exhausted;
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
   a flame from the house of Sihon;
it has destroyed the forehead of Moab,
   the scalp of the people of tumult.*
46 Woe to you, O Moab!
   The people of Chemosh have perished,
for your sons have been taken captive,
   and your daughters into captivity.
47 Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab
   in the latter days, says the Lord.
Thus far is the judgement on Moab.

Judgement on the Ammonites

49Concerning the Ammonites.


Thus says the Lord:
Has Israel no sons?
   Has he no heir?
Why then has Milcom dispossessed Gad,
   and his people settled in its towns?
2 Therefore, the time is surely coming,
   says the Lord,
when I will sound the battle alarm
   against Rabbah of the Ammonites;
it shall become a desolate mound,
   and its villages shall be burned with fire;
then Israel shall dispossess those who dispossessed him,
   says the Lord.


3 Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai is laid waste!
   Cry out, O daughters* of Rabbah!
Put on sackcloth,
   lament, and slash yourselves with whips!*
For Milcom shall go into exile,
   with his priests and his attendants.
4 Why do you boast in your strength?
   Your strength is ebbing,
O faithless daughter.
   You trusted in your treasures, saying,
   ‘Who will attack me?’
5 I am going to bring terror upon you,
   says the Lord God of hosts,
   from all your neighbours,
and you will be scattered, each headlong,
   with no one to gather the fugitives.

But afterwards I will restore the fortunes of the Ammonites, says the Lord.

Judgement on Edom

Concerning Edom.


Thus says the Lord of hosts:
Is there no longer wisdom in Teman?
   Has counsel perished from the prudent?
   Has their wisdom vanished?
8 Flee, turn back, get down low,
   inhabitants of Dedan!
For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him,
   at the time when I punish him.
9 If grape-gatherers came to you,
   would they not leave gleanings?
If thieves came by night,
   even they would pillage only what they wanted.
10 But as for me, I have stripped Esau bare,
   I have uncovered his hiding-places,
   and he is not able to conceal himself.
His offspring are destroyed, his kinsfolk
   and his neighbours; and he is no more.
11 Leave your orphans, I will keep them alive;
   and let your widows trust in me.

12 For thus says the Lord: If those who do not deserve to drink the cup still have to drink it, shall you be the one to go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished; you must drink it. 13For by myself I have sworn, says the Lord, that Bozrah shall become an object of horror and ridicule, a waste, and an object of cursing; and all her towns shall be perpetual wastes.
14 I have heard tidings from the Lord,
   and a messenger has been sent among the nations:
‘Gather yourselves together and come against her,
   and rise up for battle!’
15 For I will make you least among the nations,
   despised by humankind.
16 The terror you inspire
   and the pride of your heart have deceived you,
you who live in the clefts of the rock,*
   who hold the height of the hill.
Although you make your nest as high as the eagle’s,
   from there I will bring you down,

says the Lord.

17 Edom shall become an object of horror; everyone who passes by it will be horrified and will hiss because of all its disasters. 18As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighbours were overthrown, says the Lord, no one shall live there, nor shall anyone settle in it. 19Like a lion coming up from the thickets of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly chase Edom* away from it; and I will appoint over it whomsoever I choose.* For who is like me? Who can summon me? Who is the shepherd who can stand before me? 20Therefore hear the plan that the Lord has made against Edom and the purposes that he has formed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away; surely their fold shall be appalled at their fate. 21At the sound of their fall the earth shall tremble; the sound of their cry shall be heard at the Red Sea.* 22Look, he shall mount up and swoop down like an eagle, and spread his wings against Bozrah, and the heart of the warriors of Edom on that day shall be like the heart of a woman in labour.

Judgement on Damascus

23 Concerning Damascus.


Hamath and Arpad are confounded,
   for they have heard bad news;
they melt in fear, they are troubled like the sea*
   that cannot be quiet.
24 Damascus has become feeble, she turned to flee,
   and panic seized her;
anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her,
   as of a woman in labour.
25 How the famous city is forsaken,*
   the joyful town!*
26 Therefore her young men shall fall in her squares,
   and all her soldiers shall be destroyed on that day,

says the Lord of hosts.
27 And I will kindle a fire at the wall of Damascus,
   and it shall devour the strongholds of Ben-hadad.

Judgement on Kedar and Hazor

28 Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor that King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeated.


Thus says the Lord:
Rise up, advance against Kedar!
   Destroy the people of the east!
29 Take their tents and their flocks,
   their curtains and all their goods;
carry off their camels for yourselves,
   and a cry shall go up: ‘Terror is all around!’
30 Flee, wander far away, hide in deep places,
   O inhabitants of Hazor!

says the Lord.
For King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon
   has made a plan against you
   and formed a purpose against you.


31 Rise up, advance against a nation at ease,
   that lives secure,

says the Lord,
that has no gates or bars,
   that lives alone.
32 Their camels shall become booty,
   their herds of cattle a spoil.
I will scatter to every wind
   those who have shaven temples,
and I will bring calamity
   against them from every side,

says the Lord.
33 Hazor shall become a lair of jackals,
   an everlasting waste;
no one shall live there,
   nor shall anyone settle in it.

Judgement on Elam

34 The word of the Lord that came to the prophet Jeremiah concerning Elam, at the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah.

35 Thus says the Lord of hosts: I am going to break the bow of Elam, the mainstay of their might; 36and I will bring upon Elam the four winds from the four quarters of heaven; and I will scatter them to all these winds, and there shall be no nation to which the exiles from Elam shall not come. 37I will terrify Elam before their enemies, and before those who seek their life; I will bring disaster upon them, my fierce anger, says the Lord. I will send the sword after them, until I have consumed them; 38and I will set my throne in Elam, and destroy their king and officials, says the Lord.

39 But in the latter days I will restore the fortunes of Elam, says the Lord.

Judgement on Babylon

50The word that the Lord spoke concerning Babylon, concerning the land of the Chaldeans, by the prophet Jeremiah:
2 Declare among the nations and proclaim,
   set up a banner and proclaim,
   do not conceal it, say:
Babylon is taken,
   Bel is put to shame,
   Merodach is dismayed.
Her images are put to shame,
   her idols are dismayed.

For out of the north a nation has come up against her; it shall make her land a desolation, and no one shall live in it; both human beings and animals shall flee away.

In those days and at that time, says the Lord, the people of Israel shall come, they and the people of Judah together; they shall come weeping as they seek the Lord their God. 5They shall ask the way to Zion, with faces turned towards it, and they shall come and join* themselves to the Lord by an everlasting covenant that will never be forgotten.

My people have been lost sheep; their shepherds have led them astray, turning them away on the mountains; from mountain to hill they have gone, they have forgotten their fold. 7All who found them have devoured them, and their enemies have said, ‘We are not guilty, because they have sinned against the Lord, the true pasture, the Lord, the hope of their ancestors.’

Flee from Babylon, and go out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be like male goats leading the flock. 9For I am going to stir up and bring against Babylon a company of great nations from the land of the north; and they shall array themselves against her; from there she shall be taken. Their arrows are like the arrows of a skilled warrior who does not return empty-handed. 10Chaldea shall be plundered; all who plunder her shall be sated, says the Lord.


11 Though you rejoice, though you exult,
   O plunderers of my heritage,
though you frisk about like a heifer on the grass,
   and neigh like stallions,
12 your mother shall be utterly shamed,
   and she who bore you shall be disgraced.
Lo, she shall be the last of the nations,
   a wilderness, dry land, and a desert.
13 Because of the wrath of the Lord she shall not be inhabited,
   but shall be an utter desolation;
everyone who passes by Babylon shall be appalled
   and hiss because of all her wounds.
14 Take up your positions around Babylon,
   all you that bend the bow;
shoot at her, spare no arrows,
   for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Raise a shout against her from all sides,
   ‘She has surrendered;
her bulwarks have fallen,
   her walls are thrown down.’
For this is the vengeance of the Lord:
   take vengeance on her,
   do to her as she has done.
16 Cut off from Babylon the sower,
   and the wielder of the sickle in time of harvest;
because of the destroying sword
   all of them shall return to their own people,
   and all of them shall flee to their own land.

17 Israel is a hunted sheep driven away by lions. First the king of Assyria devoured it, and now at the end King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon has gnawed its bones. 18Therefore, thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: I am going to punish the king of Babylon and his land, as I punished the king of Assyria. 19I will restore Israel to its pasture, and it shall feed on Carmel and in Bashan, and on the hills of Ephraim and in Gilead its hunger shall be satisfied. 20In those days and at that time, says the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and none shall be found; for I will pardon the remnant that I have spared.


21 Go up to the land of Merathaim;*
   go up against her,
and attack the inhabitants of Pekod*
   and utterly destroy the last of them,*

says the Lord;
   do all that I have commanded you.
22 The noise of battle is in the land,
   and great destruction!
23 How the hammer of the whole earth
   is cut down and broken!
How Babylon has become
   a horror among the nations!
24 You set a snare for yourself and you were caught, O Babylon,
   but you did not know it;
you were discovered and seized,
   because you challenged the Lord.
25 The Lord has opened his armoury,
   and brought out the weapons of his wrath,
for the Lord God of hosts has a task to do
   in the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come against her from every quarter;
   open her granaries;
pile her up like heaps of grain, and destroy her utterly;
   let nothing be left of her.
27 Kill all her bulls,
   let them go down to the slaughter.
Alas for them, their day has come,
   the time of their punishment!

28 Listen! Fugitives and refugees from the land of Babylon are coming to declare in Zion the vengeance of the Lord our God, vengeance for his temple.

29 Summon archers against Babylon, all who bend the bow. Encamp all around her; let no one escape. Repay her according to her deeds; just as she has done, do to her—for she has arrogantly defied the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 30Therefore her young men shall fall in her squares, and all her soldiers shall be destroyed on that day, says the Lord.


31 I am against you, O arrogant one,
   says the Lord God of hosts;
for your day has come,
   the time when I will punish you.
32 The arrogant one shall stumble and fall,
   with no one to raise him up,
and I will kindle a fire in his cities,
   and it will devour everything around him.

33 Thus says the Lord of hosts: The people of Israel are oppressed, and so too are the people of Judah; all their captors have held them fast and refuse to let them go. 34Their Redeemer is strong; the Lord of hosts is his name. He will surely plead their cause, that he may give rest to the earth, but unrest to the inhabitants of Babylon.


35 A sword against the Chaldeans, says the Lord,
   and against the inhabitants of Babylon,
   and against her officials and her sages!
36 A sword against the diviners,
   so that they may become fools!
A sword against her warriors,
   so that they may be destroyed!
37 A sword against her* horses and against her* chariots,
   and against all the foreign troops in her midst,
   so that they may become women!
A sword against all her treasures,
   that they may be plundered!
38 A drought* against her waters,
   that they may be dried up!
For it is a land of images,
   and they go mad over idols.

39 Therefore wild animals shall live with hyenas in Babylon,* and ostriches shall inhabit her; she shall never again be peopled, or inhabited for all generations. 40As when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighbours, says the Lord, so no one shall live there, nor shall anyone settle in her.


41 Look, a people is coming from the north;
   a mighty nation and many kings
   are stirring from the farthest parts of the earth.
42 They wield bow and spear,
   they are cruel and have no mercy.
The sound of them is like the roaring sea;
   they ride upon horses,
set in array as a warrior for battle,
   against you, O daughter Babylon!


43 The king of Babylon heard news of them,
   and his hands fell helpless;
anguish seized him,
   pain like that of a woman in labour.

44 Like a lion coming up from the thickets of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly chase them away from her; and I will appoint over her whomsoever I choose.* For who is like me? Who can summon me? Who is the shepherd who can stand before me? 45Therefore hear the plan that the Lord has made against Babylon, and the purposes that he has formed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away; surely their* fold shall be appalled at their fate. 46At the sound of the capture of Babylon the earth shall tremble, and her cry shall be heard among the nations.

51Thus says the Lord:
   I am going to stir up a destructive wind*
   against Babylon
   and against the inhabitants of Leb-qamai;*
2 and I will send winnowers to Babylon,
   and they shall winnow her.
They shall empty her land
   when they come against her from every side
   on the day of trouble.
3 Let not the archer bend his bow,
   and let him not array himself in his coat of mail.
Do not spare her young men;
   utterly destroy her entire army.
4 They shall fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans,
   and wounded in her streets.
5 Israel and Judah have not been forsaken
   by their God, the Lord of hosts,
though their land is full of guilt
   before the Holy One of Israel.


6 Flee from the midst of Babylon,
   save your lives, each of you!
Do not perish because of her guilt,
   for this is the time of the Lord’s vengeance;
   he is repaying her what is due.
7 Babylon was a golden cup in the Lord’s hand,
   making all the earth drunken;
the nations drank of her wine,
   and so the nations went mad.
8 Suddenly Babylon has fallen and is shattered;
   wail for her!
Bring balm for her wound;
   perhaps she may be healed.
9 We tried to heal Babylon,
   but she could not be healed.
Forsake her, and let each of us go
   to our own country;
for her judgement has reached up to heaven
   and has been lifted up even to the skies.
10 The Lord has brought forth our vindication;
   come, let us declare in Zion
   the work of the Lord our God.


11 Sharpen the arrows!
   Fill the quivers!
The Lord has stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes, because his purpose concerning Babylon is to destroy it, for that is the vengeance of the Lord, vengeance for his temple.
12 Raise a standard against the walls of Babylon;
   make the watch strong;
post sentinels;
   prepare the ambushes;
for the Lord has both planned and done
   what he spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
13 You who live by mighty waters,
   rich in treasures,
your end has come,
   the thread of your life is cut.
14 The Lord of hosts has sworn by himself:
Surely I will fill you with troops like a swarm of locusts,
   and they shall raise a shout of victory over you.


15 It is he who made the earth by his power,
   who established the world by his wisdom,
and by his understanding stretched out the heavens.
16 When he utters his voice there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
   and he makes the mist rise from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightnings for the rain,
   and he brings out the wind from his storehouses.
17 Everyone is stupid and without knowledge;
   goldsmiths are all put to shame by their idols;
for their images are false,
   and there is no breath in them.
18 They are worthless, a work of delusion;
   at the time of their punishment they shall perish.
19 Not like these is the Lord,* the portion of Jacob,
   for he is the one who formed all things,
and Israel is the tribe of his inheritance;
   the Lord of hosts is his name.

Israel the Creator’s Instrument


20 You are my war-club, my weapon of battle:
with you I smash nations;
   with you I destroy kingdoms;
21 with you I smash the horse and its rider;
   with you I smash the chariot and the charioteer;
22 with you I smash man and woman;
   with you I smash the old man and the boy;
with you I smash the young man and the girl;
23   with you I smash shepherds and their flocks;
with you I smash farmers and their teams;
   with you I smash governors and deputies.

The Doom of Babylon

24 I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea before your very eyes for all the wrong that they have done in Zion, says the Lord.


25 I am against you, O destroying mountain,

says the Lord,
   that destroys the whole earth;
I will stretch out my hand against you,
   and roll you down from the crags,
   and make you a burned-out mountain.
26 No stone shall be taken from you for a corner
   and no stone for a foundation,
but you shall be a perpetual waste,
   says the Lord.


27 Raise a standard in the land,
   blow the trumpet among the nations;
prepare the nations for war against her,
   summon against her the kingdoms,
   Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz;
appoint a marshal against her,
   bring up horses like bristling locusts.
28 Prepare the nations for war against her,
   the kings of the Medes, with their governors and deputies,
   and every land under their dominion.
29 The land trembles and writhes,
   for the Lord’s purposes against Babylon stand,
to make the land of Babylon a desolation,
   without inhabitant.
30 The warriors of Babylon have given up fighting,
   they remain in their strongholds;
their strength has failed,
   they have become women;
her buildings are set on fire,
   her bars are broken.
31 One runner runs to meet another,
   and one messenger to meet another,
to tell the king of Babylon
   that his city is taken from end to end:
32 the fords have been seized,
   the marshes have been burned with fire,
   and the soldiers are in panic.
33 For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:
Daughter Babylon is like a threshing-floor
   at the time when it is trodden;
yet a little while
   and the time of her harvest will come.


34 ‘King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon has devoured me,
   he has crushed me;
he has made me an empty vessel,
   he has swallowed me like a monster;
he has filled his belly with my delicacies,
   he has spewed me out.
35 May my torn flesh be avenged on Babylon,’
   the inhabitants of Zion shall say.
‘May my blood be avenged on the inhabitants of Chaldea,’
   Jerusalem shall say.
36 Therefore thus says the Lord:
I am going to defend your cause
   and take vengeance for you.
I will dry up her sea
   and make her fountain dry;
37 and Babylon shall become a heap of ruins,
   a den of jackals,
an object of horror and of hissing,
   without inhabitant.


38 Like lions they shall roar together;
   they shall growl like lions’ whelps.
39 When they are inflamed, I will set out their drink
   and make them drunk, until they become merry
and then sleep a perpetual sleep
   and never wake, says the Lord.
40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,
   like rams and goats.


41 How Sheshach* is taken,
   the pride of the whole earth seized!
How Babylon has become
   an object of horror among the nations!
42 The sea has risen over Babylon;
   she has been covered by its tumultuous waves.
43 Her cities have become an object of horror,
   a land of drought and a desert,
a land in which no one lives,
   and through which no mortal passes.
44 I will punish Bel in Babylon,
   and make him disgorge what he has swallowed.
The nations shall no longer stream to him;
   the wall of Babylon has fallen.


45 Come out of her, my people!
   Save your lives, each of you,
   from the fierce anger of the Lord!
46 Do not be faint-hearted or fearful
   at the rumours heard in the land—
one year one rumour comes,
   the next year another,
rumours of violence in the land
   and of ruler against ruler.


47 Assuredly, the days are coming
   when I will punish the images of Babylon;
her whole land shall be put to shame,
   and all her slain shall fall in her midst.
48 Then the heavens and the earth,
   and all that is in them,
shall shout for joy over Babylon;
   for the destroyers shall come against them out of the north,

says the Lord.
49 Babylon must fall for the slain of Israel,
   as the slain of all the earth have fallen because of Babylon.


50 You survivors of the sword,
   go, do not linger!
Remember the Lord in a distant land,
   and let Jerusalem come into your mind:
51 We are put to shame, for we have heard insults;
   dishonour has covered our face,
for aliens have come
   into the holy places of the Lord’s house.


52 Therefore the time is surely coming, says the Lord,
   when I will punish her idols,
and through all her land
   the wounded shall groan.
53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven,
   and though she should fortify her strong height,
from me destroyers would come upon her,
   says the Lord.


54 Listen!—a cry from Babylon!
   A great crashing from the land of the Chaldeans!
55 For the Lord is laying Babylon waste,
   and stilling her loud clamour.
Their waves roar like mighty waters,
   the sound of their clamour resounds;
56 for a destroyer has come against her,
   against Babylon;
her warriors are taken,
   their bows are broken;
for the Lord is a God of recompense,
   he will repay in full.
57 I will make her officials and her sages drunk,
   also her governors, her deputies, and her warriors;
they shall sleep a perpetual sleep and never wake,
   says the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.


58 Thus says the Lord of hosts:
The broad wall of Babylon
   shall be levelled to the ground,
and her high gates
   shall be burned with fire.
The peoples exhaust themselves for nothing,
   and the nations weary themselves only for fire.*

Jeremiah’s Command to Seraiah

59 The word that the prophet Jeremiah commanded Seraiah son of Neriah son of Mahseiah, when he went with King Zedekiah of Judah to Babylon, in the fourth year of his reign. Seraiah was the quartermaster. 60Jeremiah wrote in a* scroll all the disasters that would come on Babylon, all these words that are written concerning Babylon. 61And Jeremiah said to Seraiah: ‘When you come to Babylon, see that you read all these words, 62and say, “O Lord, you yourself threatened to destroy this place so that neither human beings nor animals shall live in it, and it shall be desolate for ever.” 63When you finish reading this scroll, tie a stone to it, and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64and say, “Thus shall Babylon sink, to rise no more, because of the disasters that I am bringing on her.” *

Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

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Ezekiel 25-32

Proclamation against Ammon

25The word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, set your face towards the Ammonites and prophesy against them. 3Say to the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord God: Thus says the Lord God, Because you said, ‘Aha!’ over my sanctuary when it was profaned, and over the land of Israel when it was made desolate, and over the house of Judah when it went into exile; 4therefore I am handing you over to the people of the east for a possession. They shall set their encampments among you and pitch their tents in your midst; they shall eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk. 5I will make Rabbah a pasture for camels and Ammon a fold for flocks. Then you shall know that I am the Lord. 6For thus says the Lord God: Because you have clapped your hands and stamped your feet and rejoiced with all the malice within you against the land of Israel, 7therefore I have stretched out my hand against you, and will hand you over as plunder to the nations. I will cut you off from the peoples and will make you perish out of the countries; I will destroy you. Then you shall know that I am the Lord.

Proclamation against Moab

Thus says the Lord God: Because Moab* said, The house of Judah is like all the other nations, 9therefore I will lay open the flank of Moab from the towns* on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim. 10I will give it along with Ammon to the people of the east as a possession. Thus Ammon shall be remembered no more among the nations, 11and I will execute judgements upon Moab. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Proclamation against Edom

12 Thus says the Lord God: Because Edom acted vengefully against the house of Judah and has grievously offended in taking vengeance upon them, 13therefore thus says the Lord God, I will stretch out my hand against Edom, and cut off from it humans and animals, and I will make it desolate; from Teman even to Dedan they shall fall by the sword. 14I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel; and they shall act in Edom according to my anger and according to my wrath; and they shall know my vengeance, says the Lord God.

Proclamation against Philistia

15 Thus says the Lord God: Because with unending hostilities the Philistines acted in vengeance, and with malice of heart took revenge in destruction; 16therefore thus says the Lord God, I will stretch out my hand against the Philistines, cut off the Cherethites, and destroy the rest of the sea coast. 17I will execute great vengeance on them with wrathful punishments. Then they shall know that I am the Lord, when I lay my vengeance on them.

Proclamation against Tyre

26In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem,
‘Aha, broken is the gateway of the peoples;
   it has swung open to me;
I shall be replenished,
   now that it is wasted’,
3therefore, thus says the Lord God:
See, I am against you, O Tyre!
   I will hurl many nations against you,
   as the sea hurls its waves.
4 They shall destroy the walls of Tyre
   and break down its towers.
I will scrape its soil from it
   and make it a bare rock.
5 It shall become, in the midst of the sea,
   a place for spreading nets.
I have spoken, says the Lord God.
It shall become plunder for the nations,
6   and its daughter-towns in the country
   shall be killed by the sword.
Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

For thus says the Lord God: I will bring against Tyre from the north King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, king of kings, together with horses, chariots, cavalry, and a great and powerful army.
8 Your daughter-towns in the country
   he shall put to the sword.
He shall set up a siege-wall against you,
   cast up a ramp against you,
   and raise a roof of shields against you.
9 He shall direct the shock of his battering-rams against your walls
   and break down your towers with his axes.
10 His horses shall be so many
   that their dust shall cover you.
At the noise of cavalry, wheels, and chariots
   your very walls shall shake,
when he enters your gates
   like those entering a breached city.
11 With the hoofs of his horses
   he shall trample all your streets.
He shall put your people to the sword,
   and your strong pillars shall fall to the ground.
12 They will plunder your riches
   and loot your merchandise;
they shall break down your walls
   and destroy your fine houses.
Your stones and timber and soil
   they shall cast into the water.
13 I will silence the music of your songs;
   the sound of your lyres shall be heard no more.
14 I will make you a bare rock;
   you shall be a place for spreading nets.
You shall never again be rebuilt,
   for I the Lord have spoken,
   says the Lord God.

15 Thus says the Lord God to Tyre: Shall not the coastlands shake at the sound of your fall, when the wounded groan, when slaughter goes on within you? 16Then all the princes of the sea shall step down from their thrones; they shall remove their robes and strip off their embroidered garments. They shall clothe themselves with trembling, and shall sit on the ground; they shall tremble every moment, and be appalled at you. 17And they shall raise a lamentation over you, and say to you:
How you have vanished* from the seas,
   O city renowned,
once mighty on the sea,
   you and your inhabitants,*
who imposed your* terror
   on all the mainland!*
18 Now the coastlands tremble
   on the day of your fall;
the coastlands by the sea
   are dismayed at your passing.

19 For thus says the Lord God: When I make you a city laid waste, like cities that are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you, and the great waters cover you, 20then I will thrust you down with those who descend into the Pit, to the people of long ago, and I will make you live in the world below, among primeval ruins, with those who go down to the Pit, so that you will not be inhabited or have a place* in the land of the living. 21I will bring you to a dreadful end, and you shall be no more; though sought for, you will never be found again, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over Tyre

27The word of the Lord came to me: 2Now you, mortal, raise a lamentation over Tyre, 3and say to Tyre, which sits at the entrance to the sea, merchant of the peoples on many coastlands, Thus says the Lord God:
O Tyre, you have said,
   ‘I am perfect in beauty.’
4 Your borders are in the heart of the seas;
   your builders made perfect your beauty.
5 They made all your planks
   of fir trees from Senir;
they took a cedar from Lebanon
   to make a mast for you.
6 From oaks of Bashan
   they made your oars;
they made your deck of pines*
   from the coasts of Cyprus,
   inlaid with ivory.
7 Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt
   was your sail,
   serving as your ensign;
blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah
   was your awning.
8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad
   were your rowers;
skilled men of Zemer* were within you,
   they were your pilots.
9 The elders of Gebal and its artisans were within you,
   caulking your seams;
all the ships of the sea with their mariners were within you,
   to barter for your wares.
10 Paras* and Lud and Put
   were in your army,
   your mighty warriors;
they hung shield and helmet in you;
   they gave you splendour.
11 Men of Arvad and Helech*
   were on your walls all round;
   men of Gamad were at your towers.
They hung their quivers all round your walls;
   they made perfect your beauty.

12 Tarshish did business with you out of the abundance of your great wealth; silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares. 13Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise. 14Beth-togarmah exchanged for your wares horses, war-horses, and mules. 15The Rhodians* traded with you; many coastlands were your own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony. 16Edom* did business with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for your wares turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies. 17Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your merchandise wheat from Minnith, millet,* honey, oil, and balm. 18Damascus traded with you for your abundant goods—because of your great wealth of every kind—wine of Helbon, and white wool. 19Vedan and Javan from Uzal* entered into trade for your wares; wrought iron, cassia, and sweet cane were bartered for your merchandise. 20Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding. 21Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favoured dealers in lambs, rams, and goats; in these they did business with you. 22The merchants of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; they exchanged for your wares the best of all kinds of spices, and all precious stones, and gold. 23Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you. 24These traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work, and in carpets of coloured material, bound with cords and made secure; in these they traded with you.* 25The ships of Tarshish travelled for you in your trade.
So you were filled and heavily laden
   in the heart of the seas.
26 Your rowers have brought you
   into the high seas.
The east wind has wrecked you
   in the heart of the seas.
27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,
   your mariners and your pilots,
your caulkers, your dealers in merchandise,
   and all your warriors within you,
with all the company
   that is with you,
sink into the heart of the seas
   on the day of your ruin.
28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots
   the countryside shakes,
29 and down from their ships
   come all that handle the oar.
The mariners and all the pilots of the sea
   stand on the shore
30 and wail aloud over you,
   and cry bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
   and wallow in ashes;
31 they make themselves bald for you,
   and put on sackcloth,
and they weep over you in bitterness of soul,
   with bitter mourning.
32 In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you,
   and lament over you:
‘Who was ever destroyed* like Tyre
   in the midst of the sea?
33 When your wares came from the seas,
   you satisfied many peoples;
with your abundant wealth and merchandise
   you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are wrecked by the seas,
   in the depths of the waters;
your merchandise and all your crew
   have sunk with you.
35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands
   are appalled at you;
and their kings are horribly afraid,
   their faces are convulsed.
36 The merchants among the peoples hiss at you;
   you have come to a dreadful end
   and shall be no more for ever.’

Proclamation against the King of Tyre

28The word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, say to the prince of Tyre, Thus says the Lord God:
Because your heart is proud
   and you have said, ‘I am a god;
I sit in the seat of the gods,
   in the heart of the seas’,
yet you are but a mortal, and no god,
   though you compare your mind
   with the mind of a god.
3 You are indeed wiser than Daniel;*
   no secret is hidden from you;
4 by your wisdom and your understanding
   you have amassed wealth for yourself,
and have gathered gold and silver
   into your treasuries.
5 By your great wisdom in trade
   you have increased your wealth,
   and your heart has become proud in your wealth.
6 Therefore, thus says the Lord God:
Because you compare your mind
   with the mind of a god,
7 therefore, I will bring strangers against you,
   the most terrible of the nations;
they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom
   and defile your splendour.
8 They shall thrust you down to the Pit,
   and you shall die a violent death
   in the heart of the seas.
9 Will you still say, ‘I am a god’,
   in the presence of those who kill you,
though you are but a mortal, and no god,
   in the hands of those who wound you?
10 You shall die the death of the uncircumcised
   by the hand of foreigners;
   for I have spoken, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over the King of Tyre

11 Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me: 12Mortal, raise a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him, Thus says the Lord God:
You were the signet of perfection,*
   full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;
   every precious stone was your covering,
carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,
   beryl, onyx, and jasper,
sapphire,* turquoise, and emerald;
   and worked in gold were your settings
   and your engravings.*
On the day that you were created
   they were prepared.
14 With an anointed cherub as guardian I placed you;*
   you were on the holy mountain of God;
   you walked among the stones of fire.
15 You were blameless in your ways
   from the day that you were created,
   until iniquity was found in you.
16 In the abundance of your trade
   you were filled with violence, and you sinned;
so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God,
   and the guardian cherub drove you out
   from among the stones of fire.
17 Your heart was proud because of your beauty;
   you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendour.
I cast you to the ground;
   I exposed you before kings,
   to feast their eyes on you.
18 By the multitude of your iniquities,
   in the unrighteousness of your trade,
   you profaned your sanctuaries.
So I brought out fire from within you;
   it consumed you,
and I turned you to ashes on the earth
   in the sight of all who saw you.
19 All who know you among the peoples
   are appalled at you;
you have come to a dreadful end
   and shall be no more for ever.

Proclamation against Sidon

20 The word of the Lord came to me: 21Mortal, set your face towards Sidon, and prophesy against it, 22and say, Thus says the Lord God:
I am against you, O Sidon,
   and I will gain glory in your midst.
They shall know that I am the Lord
   when I execute judgements in it,
   and manifest my holiness in it;
23 for I will send pestilence into it,
   and bloodshed into its streets;
and the dead shall fall in its midst,
   by the sword that is against it on every side.
And they shall know that I am the Lord.

24 The house of Israel shall no longer find a pricking brier or a piercing thorn among all their neighbours who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord God.

Future Blessing for Israel

25 Thus says the Lord God: When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they shall settle on their own soil that I gave to my servant Jacob. 26They shall live in safety in it, and shall build houses and plant vineyards. They shall live in safety, when I execute judgements upon all their neighbours who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God.

Proclamation against Egypt

29In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him and against all Egypt; 3speak, and say, Thus says the Lord God:
I am against you,
   Pharaoh king of Egypt,
the great dragon sprawling
   in the midst of its channels,
saying, ‘My Nile is my own;
   I made it for myself.’
4 I will put hooks in your jaws,
   and make the fish of your channels stick to your scales.
I will draw you up from your channels,
   with all the fish of your channels
   sticking to your scales.
5 I will fling you into the wilderness,
   you and all the fish of your channels;
you shall fall in the open field,
   and not be gathered and buried.
To the animals of the earth and to the birds of the air
   I have given you as food.
6 Then all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know
   that I am the Lord
because you* were a staff of reed
   to the house of Israel;
7 when they grasped you with the hand, you broke,
   and tore all their shoulders;
and when they leaned on you, you broke,
   and made all their legs unsteady.*

Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I will bring a sword upon you, and will cut off from you human being and animal; 9and the land of Egypt shall be a desolation and a waste. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Because you* said, ‘The Nile is mine, and I made it’, 10therefore, I am against you, and against your channels, and I will make the land of Egypt an utter waste and desolation, from Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of Ethiopia.* 11No human foot shall pass through it, and no animal foot shall pass through it; it shall be uninhabited for forty years. 12I will make the land of Egypt a desolation among desolated countries; and her cities shall be a desolation for forty years among cities that are laid waste. I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries.

13 Further, thus says the Lord God: At the end of forty years I will gather the Egyptians from the peoples among whom they were scattered; 14and I will restore the fortunes of Egypt, and bring them back to the land of Pathros, the land of their origin; and there they shall be a lowly kingdom. 15It shall be the most lowly of the kingdoms, and never again exalt itself above the nations; and I will make them so small that they will never again rule over the nations. 16The Egyptians* shall never again be the reliance of the house of Israel; they will recall their iniquity, when they turned to them for aid. Then they shall know that I am the Lord God.

Babylonia Will Plunder Egypt

17 In the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 18Mortal, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon made his army labour hard against Tyre; every head was made bald and every shoulder was rubbed bare; yet neither he nor his army got anything from Tyre to pay for the labour that he had expended against it. 19Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I will give the land of Egypt to King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon; and he shall carry off its wealth and despoil it and plunder it; and it shall be the wages for his army. 20I have given him the land of Egypt as his payment for which he laboured, because they worked for me, says the Lord God.

21 On that day I will cause a horn to sprout up for the house of Israel, and I will open your lips among them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Lamentation for Egypt

30The word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord God:
Wail, ‘Alas for the day!’
3   For a day is near,
   the day of the Lord is near;
it will be a day of clouds,
   a time of doom* for the nations.
4 A sword shall come upon Egypt,
   and anguish shall be in Ethiopia,*
when the slain fall in Egypt,
   and its wealth is carried away,
   and its foundations are torn down.
5Ethiopia,* and Put, and Lud, and all Arabia, and Libya,* and the people of the allied land* shall fall with them by the sword.


6 Thus says the Lord:
Those who support Egypt shall fall,
   and its proud might shall come down;
from Migdol to Syene
   they shall fall within it by the sword,
says the Lord God.
7 They shall be desolated among other desolated countries,
   and their cities shall lie among cities laid waste.
8 Then they shall know that I am the Lord,
   when I have set fire to Egypt,
   and all who help it are broken.

On that day, messengers shall go out from me in ships to terrify the unsuspecting Ethiopians;* and anguish shall come upon them on the day of Egypt’s doom;* for it is coming!

10 Thus says the Lord God:
I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt,
   by the hand of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon.
11 He and his people with him, the most terrible of the nations,
   shall be brought in to destroy the land;
and they shall draw their swords against Egypt,
   and fill the land with the slain.
12 I will dry up the channels,
   and will sell the land into the hand of evildoers;
I will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it
   by the hand of foreigners;
I the Lord have spoken.

13 Thus says the Lord God:
I will destroy the idols
   and put an end to the images in Memphis;
there shall no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt;
   so I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 I will make Pathros a desolation,
   and will set fire to Zoan,
   and will execute acts of judgement on Thebes.
15 I will pour my wrath upon Pelusium,
   the stronghold of Egypt,
   and cut off the hordes of Thebes.
16 I will set fire to Egypt;
   Pelusium shall be in great agony;
Thebes shall be breached,
   and Memphis face adversaries by day.
17 The young men of On and of Pi-beseth shall fall by the sword;
   and the cities themselves* shall go into captivity.
18 At Tehaphnehes the day shall be dark,
   when I break there the dominion of Egypt,
and its proud might shall come to an end;
   the city* shall be covered by a cloud,
   and its daughter-towns shall go into captivity.
19 Thus I will execute acts of judgement on Egypt.
   Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Proclamation against Pharaoh

20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 21Mortal, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage, so that it may become strong to wield the sword. 22Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, both the strong arm and the one that was broken; and I will make the sword fall from his hand. 23I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them throughout the lands. 24I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand; but I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he will groan before him with the groans of one mortally wounded. 25I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh shall fall. And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon. He shall stretch it out against the land of Egypt, 26and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them throughout the countries. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

The Lofty Cedar

31In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes:
Whom are you like in your greatness?
3   Consider Assyria, a cedar of Lebanon,
with fair branches and forest shade,
   and of great height,
   its top among the clouds.*
4 The waters nourished it,
   the deep made it grow tall,
making its rivers flow*
   around the place where it was planted,
sending forth its streams
   to all the trees of the field.
5 So it towered high
   above all the trees of the field;
its boughs grew large
   and its branches long,
   from abundant water in its shoots.
6 All the birds of the air
   made their nests in its boughs;
under its branches all the animals of the field
   gave birth to their young;
and in its shade
   all great nations lived.
7 It was beautiful in its greatness,
   in the length of its branches;
for its roots went down
   to abundant water.
8 The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,
   nor the fir trees equal its boughs;
the plane trees were as nothing
   compared with its branches;
no tree in the garden of God
   was like it in beauty.
9 I made it beautiful
   with its mass of branches,
the envy of all the trees of Eden
   that were in the garden of God.

10 Therefore, thus says the Lord God: Because it* towered high and set its top among the clouds,* and its heart was proud of its height, 11I gave it into the hand of the prince of the nations; he has dealt with it as its wickedness deserves. I have cast it out. 12Foreigners from the most terrible of the nations have cut it down and left it. On the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen, and its boughs lie broken in all the watercourses of the land; and all the peoples of the earth went away from its shade and left it.
13 On its fallen trunk settle
   all the birds of the air,
and among its boughs lodge
   all the wild animals.
14All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to lofty height or set their tops among the clouds,* and that no trees that drink water may reach up to them in height.
For all of them are handed over to death,
   to the world below;
along with all mortals,
   with those who go down to the Pit.

15 Thus says the Lord God: On the day it went down to Sheol I closed the deep over it and covered it; I restrained its rivers, and its mighty waters were checked. I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. 16I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the Pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that were well watered, were consoled in the world below. 17They also went down to Sheol with it, to those killed by the sword, along with its allies,* those who lived in its shade among the nations.

18 Which among the trees of Eden was like you in glory and in greatness? Now you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; you shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his horde, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over Pharaoh and Egypt

32In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him:
You consider yourself a lion among the nations,
   but you are like a dragon in the seas;
you thrash about in your streams,
   trouble the water with your feet,
   and foul your* streams.
3 Thus says the Lord God:
   In an assembly of many peoples
   I will throw my net over you;
   and I* will haul you up in my dragnet.
4 I will throw you on the ground,
   on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the air to settle on you,
   and I will let the wild animals of the whole earth gorge themselves on you.
5 I will strew your flesh on the mountains,
   and fill the valleys with your carcass.*
6 I will drench the land with your flowing blood
   up to the mountains,
   and the watercourses will be filled with you.
7 When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens,
   and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
   and the moon shall not give its light.
8 All the shining lights of the heavens
   I will darken above you,
   and put darkness on your land,

says the Lord God.
9 I will trouble the hearts of many peoples,
   as I carry you captive* among the nations,
   into countries you have not known.
10 I will make many peoples appalled at you;
   their kings shall shudder because of you.
When I brandish my sword before them,
   they shall tremble at every moment
for their lives, each one of them,
   on the day of your downfall.
11 For thus says the Lord God:
The sword of the king of Babylon shall come against you.
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
   by the swords of mighty ones,
   all of them most terrible among the nations.
They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
   and all its hordes shall perish.
13 I will destroy all its livestock
   from beside abundant waters;
and no human foot shall trouble them any more,
   nor shall the hoofs of cattle trouble them.
14 Then I will make their waters clear,
   and cause their streams to run like oil, says the Lord God.
15 When I make the land of Egypt desolate
   and when the land is stripped of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who live in it,
   then they shall know that I am the Lord.
16 This is a lamentation; it shall be chanted.
   The women of the nations shall chant it.
Over Egypt and all its hordes they shall chant it,
   says the Lord God.

Dirge over Egypt

17 In the twelfth year, in the first month,* on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:
18 Mortal, wail over the hordes of Egypt,
   and send them down,
with Egypt* and the daughters of majestic nations,
   to the world below,
   with those who go down to the Pit.
19 ‘Whom do you surpass in beauty?
   Go down! Be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!’
20They shall fall among those who are killed by the sword. Egypt* has been handed over to the sword; carry away both it and its hordes. 21The mighty chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: ‘They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, killed by the sword.’

22 Assyria is there, and all its company, their graves all around it, all of them killed, fallen by the sword. 23Their graves are set in the uttermost parts of the Pit. Its company is all around its grave, all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living.

24 Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who spread terror in the land of the living. They bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit. 25They have made Elam* a bed among the slain with all its hordes, their graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit; they are placed among the slain.

26 Meshech and Tubal are there, and all their multitude, their graves all around them, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for they spread terror in the land of the living. 27And they do not lie with the fallen warriors of long ago* who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were laid under their heads, and whose shields* are upon their bones; for the terror of the warriors was in the land of the living. 28So you shall be broken and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword.

29 Edom is there, its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the Pit.

30 The princes of the north are there, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who have gone down in shame with the slain, for all the terror that they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are killed by the sword, and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.

31 When Pharaoh sees them, he will be consoled for all his hordes—Pharaoh and all his army, killed by the sword, says the Lord God. 32For he* spread terror in the land of the living; therefore he shall be laid to rest among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword—Pharaoh and all his multitude, says the Lord God.

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Amos 1-2

Amos

1The words of Amos, who was among the shepherds of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of King Uzziah of Judah and in the days of King Jeroboam son of Joash of Israel, two years* before the earthquake.

Judgement on Israel’s Neighbours


2And he said:
The Lord roars from Zion,
   and utters his voice from Jerusalem;
the pastures of the shepherds wither,
   and the top of Carmel dries up.


3 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Damascus,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they have threshed Gilead
   with threshing-sledges of iron.
4 So I will send a fire on the house of Hazael,
   and it shall devour the strongholds of Ben-hadad.
5 I will break the gate-bars of Damascus,
   and cut off the inhabitants from the Valley of Aven,
and the one who holds the sceptre from Beth-eden;
   and the people of Aram shall go into exile to Kir,

says the Lord.


6 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Gaza,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they carried into exile entire communities,
   to hand them over to Edom.
7 So I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza,
   fire that shall devour its strongholds.
8 I will cut off the inhabitants from Ashdod,
   and the one who holds the sceptre from Ashkelon;
I will turn my hand against Ekron,
   and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish,

says the Lord God.


9 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Tyre,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they delivered entire communities over to Edom,
   and did not remember the covenant of kinship.
10 So I will send a fire on the wall of Tyre,
   fire that shall devour its strongholds.


11 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Edom,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because he pursued his brother with the sword
   and cast off all pity;
he maintained his anger perpetually,*
   and kept his wrath* for ever.
12 So I will send a fire on Teman,
   and it shall devour the strongholds of Bozrah.


13 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of the Ammonites,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they have ripped open pregnant women in Gilead
   in order to enlarge their territory.
14 So I will kindle a fire against the wall of Rabbah,
   fire that shall devour its strongholds,
with shouting on the day of battle,
   with a storm on the day of the whirlwind;
15 then their king shall go into exile,
   he and his officials together,

says the Lord.

2Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Moab,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because he burned to lime
   the bones of the king of Edom.
2 So I will send a fire on Moab,
   and it shall devour the strongholds of Kerioth,
and Moab shall die amid uproar,
   amid shouting and the sound of the trumpet;
3 I will cut off the ruler from its midst,
   and will kill all its officials with him,

says the Lord.

Judgement on Judah


4 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Judah,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they have rejected the law of the Lord,
   and have not kept his statutes,
but they have been led astray by the same lies
   after which their ancestors walked.
5 So I will send a fire on Judah,
   and it shall devour the strongholds of Jerusalem.

Judgement on Israel


6 Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Israel,
   and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;*
because they sell the righteous for silver,
   and the needy for a pair of sandals—
7 they who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth,
   and push the afflicted out of the way;
father and son go in to the same girl,
   so that my holy name is profaned;
8 they lay themselves down beside every altar
   on garments taken in pledge;
and in the house of their God they drink
   wine bought with fines they imposed.


9 Yet I destroyed the Amorite before them,
   whose height was like the height of cedars,
   and who was as strong as oaks;
I destroyed his fruit above,
   and his roots beneath.
10 Also I brought you up out of the land of Egypt,
   and led you for forty years in the wilderness,
   to possess the land of the Amorite.
11 And I raised up some of your children to be prophets
   and some of your youths to be nazirites.*
   Is it not indeed so, O people of Israel?

says the Lord.


12 But you made the nazirites* drink wine,
   and commanded the prophets,
   saying, ‘You shall not prophesy.’


13 So, I will press you down in your place,
   just as a cart presses down
   when it is full of sheaves.*
14 Flight shall perish from the swift,
   and the strong shall not retain their strength,
   nor shall the mighty save their lives;
15 those who handle the bow shall not stand,
   and those who are swift of foot shall not save themselves,
   nor shall those who ride horses save their lives;
16 and those who are stout of heart among the mighty
   shall flee away naked on that day,

says the Lord.

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From the oremus Bible Browser https://bible.oremus.org v2.5.1 29 April 2019.