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Ezekiel 27:1-32:32

Lamentation over Tyre

27The word of the Lord came to me: 2Now you, mortal, raise a lamentation over Tyre, 3and say to Tyre, which sits at the entrance to the sea, merchant of the peoples on many coastlands, Thus says the Lord God:
O Tyre, you have said,
   ‘I am perfect in beauty.’
4 Your borders are in the heart of the seas;
   your builders made perfect your beauty.
5 They made all your planks
   of fir trees from Senir;
they took a cedar from Lebanon
   to make a mast for you.
6 From oaks of Bashan
   they made your oars;
they made your deck of pines*
   from the coasts of Cyprus,
   inlaid with ivory.
7 Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt
   was your sail,
   serving as your ensign;
blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah
   was your awning.
8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad
   were your rowers;
skilled men of Zemer* were within you,
   they were your pilots.
9 The elders of Gebal and its artisans were within you,
   caulking your seams;
all the ships of the sea with their mariners were within you,
   to barter for your wares.
10 Paras* and Lud and Put
   were in your army,
   your mighty warriors;
they hung shield and helmet in you;
   they gave you splendour.
11 Men of Arvad and Helech*
   were on your walls all round;
   men of Gamad were at your towers.
They hung their quivers all round your walls;
   they made perfect your beauty.

12 Tarshish did business with you out of the abundance of your great wealth; silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares. 13Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise. 14Beth-togarmah exchanged for your wares horses, war-horses, and mules. 15The Rhodians* traded with you; many coastlands were your own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony. 16Edom* did business with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for your wares turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies. 17Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your merchandise wheat from Minnith, millet,* honey, oil, and balm. 18Damascus traded with you for your abundant goods—because of your great wealth of every kind—wine of Helbon, and white wool. 19Vedan and Javan from Uzal* entered into trade for your wares; wrought iron, cassia, and sweet cane were bartered for your merchandise. 20Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding. 21Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favoured dealers in lambs, rams, and goats; in these they did business with you. 22The merchants of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; they exchanged for your wares the best of all kinds of spices, and all precious stones, and gold. 23Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you. 24These traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work, and in carpets of coloured material, bound with cords and made secure; in these they traded with you.* 25The ships of Tarshish travelled for you in your trade.
So you were filled and heavily laden
   in the heart of the seas.
26 Your rowers have brought you
   into the high seas.
The east wind has wrecked you
   in the heart of the seas.
27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,
   your mariners and your pilots,
your caulkers, your dealers in merchandise,
   and all your warriors within you,
with all the company
   that is with you,
sink into the heart of the seas
   on the day of your ruin.
28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots
   the countryside shakes,
29 and down from their ships
   come all that handle the oar.
The mariners and all the pilots of the sea
   stand on the shore
30 and wail aloud over you,
   and cry bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
   and wallow in ashes;
31 they make themselves bald for you,
   and put on sackcloth,
and they weep over you in bitterness of soul,
   with bitter mourning.
32 In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you,
   and lament over you:
‘Who was ever destroyed* like Tyre
   in the midst of the sea?
33 When your wares came from the seas,
   you satisfied many peoples;
with your abundant wealth and merchandise
   you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are wrecked by the seas,
   in the depths of the waters;
your merchandise and all your crew
   have sunk with you.
35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands
   are appalled at you;
and their kings are horribly afraid,
   their faces are convulsed.
36 The merchants among the peoples hiss at you;
   you have come to a dreadful end
   and shall be no more for ever.’

Proclamation against the King of Tyre

28The word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, say to the prince of Tyre, Thus says the Lord God:
Because your heart is proud
   and you have said, ‘I am a god;
I sit in the seat of the gods,
   in the heart of the seas’,
yet you are but a mortal, and no god,
   though you compare your mind
   with the mind of a god.
3 You are indeed wiser than Daniel;*
   no secret is hidden from you;
4 by your wisdom and your understanding
   you have amassed wealth for yourself,
and have gathered gold and silver
   into your treasuries.
5 By your great wisdom in trade
   you have increased your wealth,
   and your heart has become proud in your wealth.
6 Therefore, thus says the Lord God:
Because you compare your mind
   with the mind of a god,
7 therefore, I will bring strangers against you,
   the most terrible of the nations;
they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom
   and defile your splendour.
8 They shall thrust you down to the Pit,
   and you shall die a violent death
   in the heart of the seas.
9 Will you still say, ‘I am a god’,
   in the presence of those who kill you,
though you are but a mortal, and no god,
   in the hands of those who wound you?
10 You shall die the death of the uncircumcised
   by the hand of foreigners;
   for I have spoken, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over the King of Tyre

11 Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me: 12Mortal, raise a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him, Thus says the Lord God:
You were the signet of perfection,*
   full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;
   every precious stone was your covering,
carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,
   beryl, onyx, and jasper,
sapphire,* turquoise, and emerald;
   and worked in gold were your settings
   and your engravings.*
On the day that you were created
   they were prepared.
14 With an anointed cherub as guardian I placed you;*
   you were on the holy mountain of God;
   you walked among the stones of fire.
15 You were blameless in your ways
   from the day that you were created,
   until iniquity was found in you.
16 In the abundance of your trade
   you were filled with violence, and you sinned;
so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God,
   and the guardian cherub drove you out
   from among the stones of fire.
17 Your heart was proud because of your beauty;
   you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendour.
I cast you to the ground;
   I exposed you before kings,
   to feast their eyes on you.
18 By the multitude of your iniquities,
   in the unrighteousness of your trade,
   you profaned your sanctuaries.
So I brought out fire from within you;
   it consumed you,
and I turned you to ashes on the earth
   in the sight of all who saw you.
19 All who know you among the peoples
   are appalled at you;
you have come to a dreadful end
   and shall be no more for ever.

Proclamation against Sidon

20 The word of the Lord came to me: 21Mortal, set your face towards Sidon, and prophesy against it, 22and say, Thus says the Lord God:
I am against you, O Sidon,
   and I will gain glory in your midst.
They shall know that I am the Lord
   when I execute judgements in it,
   and manifest my holiness in it;
23 for I will send pestilence into it,
   and bloodshed into its streets;
and the dead shall fall in its midst,
   by the sword that is against it on every side.
And they shall know that I am the Lord.

24 The house of Israel shall no longer find a pricking brier or a piercing thorn among all their neighbours who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord God.

Future Blessing for Israel

25 Thus says the Lord God: When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they shall settle on their own soil that I gave to my servant Jacob. 26They shall live in safety in it, and shall build houses and plant vineyards. They shall live in safety, when I execute judgements upon all their neighbours who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God.

Proclamation against Egypt

29In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him and against all Egypt; 3speak, and say, Thus says the Lord God:
I am against you,
   Pharaoh king of Egypt,
the great dragon sprawling
   in the midst of its channels,
saying, ‘My Nile is my own;
   I made it for myself.’
4 I will put hooks in your jaws,
   and make the fish of your channels stick to your scales.
I will draw you up from your channels,
   with all the fish of your channels
   sticking to your scales.
5 I will fling you into the wilderness,
   you and all the fish of your channels;
you shall fall in the open field,
   and not be gathered and buried.
To the animals of the earth and to the birds of the air
   I have given you as food.
6 Then all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know
   that I am the Lord
because you* were a staff of reed
   to the house of Israel;
7 when they grasped you with the hand, you broke,
   and tore all their shoulders;
and when they leaned on you, you broke,
   and made all their legs unsteady.*

Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I will bring a sword upon you, and will cut off from you human being and animal; 9and the land of Egypt shall be a desolation and a waste. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Because you* said, ‘The Nile is mine, and I made it’, 10therefore, I am against you, and against your channels, and I will make the land of Egypt an utter waste and desolation, from Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of Ethiopia.* 11No human foot shall pass through it, and no animal foot shall pass through it; it shall be uninhabited for forty years. 12I will make the land of Egypt a desolation among desolated countries; and her cities shall be a desolation for forty years among cities that are laid waste. I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries.

13 Further, thus says the Lord God: At the end of forty years I will gather the Egyptians from the peoples among whom they were scattered; 14and I will restore the fortunes of Egypt, and bring them back to the land of Pathros, the land of their origin; and there they shall be a lowly kingdom. 15It shall be the most lowly of the kingdoms, and never again exalt itself above the nations; and I will make them so small that they will never again rule over the nations. 16The Egyptians* shall never again be the reliance of the house of Israel; they will recall their iniquity, when they turned to them for aid. Then they shall know that I am the Lord God.

Babylonia Will Plunder Egypt

17 In the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 18Mortal, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon made his army labour hard against Tyre; every head was made bald and every shoulder was rubbed bare; yet neither he nor his army got anything from Tyre to pay for the labour that he had expended against it. 19Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I will give the land of Egypt to King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon; and he shall carry off its wealth and despoil it and plunder it; and it shall be the wages for his army. 20I have given him the land of Egypt as his payment for which he laboured, because they worked for me, says the Lord God.

21 On that day I will cause a horn to sprout up for the house of Israel, and I will open your lips among them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Lamentation for Egypt

30The word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord God:
Wail, ‘Alas for the day!’
3   For a day is near,
   the day of the Lord is near;
it will be a day of clouds,
   a time of doom* for the nations.
4 A sword shall come upon Egypt,
   and anguish shall be in Ethiopia,*
when the slain fall in Egypt,
   and its wealth is carried away,
   and its foundations are torn down.
5Ethiopia,* and Put, and Lud, and all Arabia, and Libya,* and the people of the allied land* shall fall with them by the sword.


6 Thus says the Lord:
Those who support Egypt shall fall,
   and its proud might shall come down;
from Migdol to Syene
   they shall fall within it by the sword,
says the Lord God.
7 They shall be desolated among other desolated countries,
   and their cities shall lie among cities laid waste.
8 Then they shall know that I am the Lord,
   when I have set fire to Egypt,
   and all who help it are broken.

On that day, messengers shall go out from me in ships to terrify the unsuspecting Ethiopians;* and anguish shall come upon them on the day of Egypt’s doom;* for it is coming!

10 Thus says the Lord God:
I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt,
   by the hand of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon.
11 He and his people with him, the most terrible of the nations,
   shall be brought in to destroy the land;
and they shall draw their swords against Egypt,
   and fill the land with the slain.
12 I will dry up the channels,
   and will sell the land into the hand of evildoers;
I will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it
   by the hand of foreigners;
I the Lord have spoken.

13 Thus says the Lord God:
I will destroy the idols
   and put an end to the images in Memphis;
there shall no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt;
   so I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 I will make Pathros a desolation,
   and will set fire to Zoan,
   and will execute acts of judgement on Thebes.
15 I will pour my wrath upon Pelusium,
   the stronghold of Egypt,
   and cut off the hordes of Thebes.
16 I will set fire to Egypt;
   Pelusium shall be in great agony;
Thebes shall be breached,
   and Memphis face adversaries by day.
17 The young men of On and of Pi-beseth shall fall by the sword;
   and the cities themselves* shall go into captivity.
18 At Tehaphnehes the day shall be dark,
   when I break there the dominion of Egypt,
and its proud might shall come to an end;
   the city* shall be covered by a cloud,
   and its daughter-towns shall go into captivity.
19 Thus I will execute acts of judgement on Egypt.
   Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

Proclamation against Pharaoh

20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 21Mortal, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage, so that it may become strong to wield the sword. 22Therefore, thus says the Lord God: I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, both the strong arm and the one that was broken; and I will make the sword fall from his hand. 23I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them throughout the lands. 24I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand; but I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he will groan before him with the groans of one mortally wounded. 25I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh shall fall. And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon. He shall stretch it out against the land of Egypt, 26and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them throughout the countries. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

The Lofty Cedar

31In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes:
Whom are you like in your greatness?
3   Consider Assyria, a cedar of Lebanon,
with fair branches and forest shade,
   and of great height,
   its top among the clouds.*
4 The waters nourished it,
   the deep made it grow tall,
making its rivers flow*
   around the place where it was planted,
sending forth its streams
   to all the trees of the field.
5 So it towered high
   above all the trees of the field;
its boughs grew large
   and its branches long,
   from abundant water in its shoots.
6 All the birds of the air
   made their nests in its boughs;
under its branches all the animals of the field
   gave birth to their young;
and in its shade
   all great nations lived.
7 It was beautiful in its greatness,
   in the length of its branches;
for its roots went down
   to abundant water.
8 The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,
   nor the fir trees equal its boughs;
the plane trees were as nothing
   compared with its branches;
no tree in the garden of God
   was like it in beauty.
9 I made it beautiful
   with its mass of branches,
the envy of all the trees of Eden
   that were in the garden of God.

10 Therefore, thus says the Lord God: Because it* towered high and set its top among the clouds,* and its heart was proud of its height, 11I gave it into the hand of the prince of the nations; he has dealt with it as its wickedness deserves. I have cast it out. 12Foreigners from the most terrible of the nations have cut it down and left it. On the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen, and its boughs lie broken in all the watercourses of the land; and all the peoples of the earth went away from its shade and left it.
13 On its fallen trunk settle
   all the birds of the air,
and among its boughs lodge
   all the wild animals.
14All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to lofty height or set their tops among the clouds,* and that no trees that drink water may reach up to them in height.
For all of them are handed over to death,
   to the world below;
along with all mortals,
   with those who go down to the Pit.

15 Thus says the Lord God: On the day it went down to Sheol I closed the deep over it and covered it; I restrained its rivers, and its mighty waters were checked. I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. 16I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the Pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that were well watered, were consoled in the world below. 17They also went down to Sheol with it, to those killed by the sword, along with its allies,* those who lived in its shade among the nations.

18 Which among the trees of Eden was like you in glory and in greatness? Now you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; you shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his horde, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over Pharaoh and Egypt

32In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2Mortal, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him:
You consider yourself a lion among the nations,
   but you are like a dragon in the seas;
you thrash about in your streams,
   trouble the water with your feet,
   and foul your* streams.
3 Thus says the Lord God:
   In an assembly of many peoples
   I will throw my net over you;
   and I* will haul you up in my dragnet.
4 I will throw you on the ground,
   on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the air to settle on you,
   and I will let the wild animals of the whole earth gorge themselves on you.
5 I will strew your flesh on the mountains,
   and fill the valleys with your carcass.*
6 I will drench the land with your flowing blood
   up to the mountains,
   and the watercourses will be filled with you.
7 When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens,
   and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
   and the moon shall not give its light.
8 All the shining lights of the heavens
   I will darken above you,
   and put darkness on your land,

says the Lord God.
9 I will trouble the hearts of many peoples,
   as I carry you captive* among the nations,
   into countries you have not known.
10 I will make many peoples appalled at you;
   their kings shall shudder because of you.
When I brandish my sword before them,
   they shall tremble at every moment
for their lives, each one of them,
   on the day of your downfall.
11 For thus says the Lord God:
The sword of the king of Babylon shall come against you.
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
   by the swords of mighty ones,
   all of them most terrible among the nations.
They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
   and all its hordes shall perish.
13 I will destroy all its livestock
   from beside abundant waters;
and no human foot shall trouble them any more,
   nor shall the hoofs of cattle trouble them.
14 Then I will make their waters clear,
   and cause their streams to run like oil, says the Lord God.
15 When I make the land of Egypt desolate
   and when the land is stripped of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who live in it,
   then they shall know that I am the Lord.
16 This is a lamentation; it shall be chanted.
   The women of the nations shall chant it.
Over Egypt and all its hordes they shall chant it,
   says the Lord God.

Dirge over Egypt

17 In the twelfth year, in the first month,* on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:
18 Mortal, wail over the hordes of Egypt,
   and send them down,
with Egypt* and the daughters of majestic nations,
   to the world below,
   with those who go down to the Pit.
19 ‘Whom do you surpass in beauty?
   Go down! Be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!’
20They shall fall among those who are killed by the sword. Egypt* has been handed over to the sword; carry away both it and its hordes. 21The mighty chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: ‘They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, killed by the sword.’

22 Assyria is there, and all its company, their graves all around it, all of them killed, fallen by the sword. 23Their graves are set in the uttermost parts of the Pit. Its company is all around its grave, all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living.

24 Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who spread terror in the land of the living. They bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit. 25They have made Elam* a bed among the slain with all its hordes, their graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit; they are placed among the slain.

26 Meshech and Tubal are there, and all their multitude, their graves all around them, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for they spread terror in the land of the living. 27And they do not lie with the fallen warriors of long ago* who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were laid under their heads, and whose shields* are upon their bones; for the terror of the warriors was in the land of the living. 28So you shall be broken and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword.

29 Edom is there, its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the Pit.

30 The princes of the north are there, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who have gone down in shame with the slain, for all the terror that they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are killed by the sword, and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.

31 When Pharaoh sees them, he will be consoled for all his hordes—Pharaoh and all his army, killed by the sword, says the Lord God. 32For he* spread terror in the land of the living; therefore he shall be laid to rest among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword—Pharaoh and all his multitude, says the Lord God.

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